160+ WAEC History Past Questions – Essay (PDF)

WAEC History past questions and answers (free PDF download) should form part of your toolkit as you prepare yourself or your students for the SHS History test or the WAEC/WASSCE History essay question paper.

Without WAEC History past questions and answers, you will not know what you need to pay very close attention to during your revision weeks. What past essay questions and answers for WASSCE/NECO History will help you achieve is this. They make you know exactly what you should expect in the examination. Then the sample essay answers show you how to write the best WAEC/NECO/JAMB History essays.

And this knowledge makes you refine your learning or teaching strategy. For that matter, WAEC History past questions will assist you to be a more effective teacher or learner of Senior High School History.

This is the reason why I went out to look for, and collect as many WAEC History essay past questions as I could find for your benefit. Now, I’ve placed all these WASSCE/WAEC History past questions in one place for you.

Free PDF Download

Do you want to have this resource at your disposal anytime? Then go ahead and download these WAEC History past questions in PDF format for offline use.

Simply click the download link you will find a few paragraphs from here.

Are you a teacher of SHS/WASSCE/SSCE History? Please take advantage of these WAEC History essay past questions and answers. Allow them to enable you to assist your students to focus on what really matters.

You don’t need to burden yourself and your students with ‘non-sylla’ anymore.

And if you’re a student doing independent learning, this resource will definitely help you make a very good grade in your WAEC/NECO History question paper.

WAEC History Past Questions and Answers

Here is another good news for you. Answers in essay form are readily available on this site to a lot of these WAEC History past questions. Simply click the link below. It will take you to where you can find the answers to a large number of the questions here.

WASSCE HISTORY ANSWERS TO PAST QUESTIONS

Are you ready to see your gold mine of both the oldest and the newest SSCE/WASSCE WAEC History past questions for the essay section? Then let’s go get it right away.

SEE ALSO:

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PLEASE NOTE: Are you a student/teacher from a WAEC-member country other than Ghana (Sierra Leone, Gambia, Nigeria, Liberia)? For most questions that mention ‘Ghana’ specifically, all you need to do is replace it with the name of your country. Because trust me, all country-specific questions always remain very similar. They focus on the core topics contained in the WAEC History syllabus.

For example, a question about the importance of indigenous industries in Ghana is likely to appear for other candidates under their respective National Histories section of the WAEC History paper.

1993

1. Why is it important to study African History?

2. Discuss the merits and demerits of oral traditions as a source of African history.

3. What were the achievements of Kush in agriculture?

4. Assess the role of the Mande-Dyula in the conduct of trade in West Africa.

5. Discuss the origins of any two of the major ethnic groups in Ghana.

6. Discuss the social and political importance of the Odwira festival among the Akan.

7. Assess the contribution of the Christian Missions to the development of Ghana.

8. Examine the economic developments in Ghana during the colonial period.

9. Why did agitation for political independence intensify after World War II?

10. Discuss the role of Ghana in the formation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU).

1994

1. What sources are available for the writing of African History?

2. Describe the contribution of Pharaonic Egypt to civilization.

3. What effects did the introduction of Christianity have on Axum?

4. Discuss the general factors that led to the rise of the Western Sudanese states.

5. Assess the importance of the indigenous industries in the economy of Ghana before the coming of the Europeans.

6. Explain the factors that contributed to the rise of the forest states in Ghana.

7. Why was Africa partitioned by the European powers towards the end of the nineteenth century?

8. Why was indirect rule introduced by the British?

9. Discuss the factors that led to the 1948 riots in Ghana.

10. To what extent were the demands of the National Liberation Movement met by 1957?

TAKE A PRACTICE TEST NOW

1995

1. How reliable are the sources available for the study of African history?

2. Outline the major achievements of Pharaonic Egypt.

3. Explain how the Swahili civilization of East Africa rose.

4. Describe how the West African coastal states were organized socially and politically before 1800.

5. Briefly describe how the northern zone of Ghana was peopled.

6. Account for the rise of large centralized states in the forest zone of Ghana before 1800.

7. Discuss the main economic activities of the people of Ghana before 1800.

8. Examine the developments that took place in the health sector during colonial rule in your country.

9. Outline the changes made in the political system of Ghana between 1900 and 1957.

10 . What were the main economic developments in Ghana during Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s administration?

1996

1. Discuss the merits of any four non-documentary sources of African history.

2. What factors led to the rise of the early kingdom of Axum?

3. Give an account of the economic activities of the Swahili between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries.

4. Assess the importance of trade in the development of Western Sudan.

5. Describe how salt was mined/obtained in traditional Ghanaian society and show its importance.

6. Describe the social organization of traditional Akan society.

7. What were the major effects of European activities on the people of Ghana between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries?

8. Outline the main features of the Guggisberg constitution and show its significance.

9. How did the National Liberation Council (NLC) solve the economic problems inherited from the Nkrumah regime?

10. In what ways has Ghana benefited from her membership of the Commonwealth?

1997

1. Describe the methods that are used in collecting data for the writing of African history.

2. What benefits did the ancient Egyptians derive from the River Nile?

3. Describe the main features of the indigenous civilization of the Berbers in Northern Africa.

4. Examine the political organization of the West African Sudanese states.

5. Discuss the stories of the origin of any two of the following ethnic groups a. Ga-Adangbe b. Ewe c. Fante.

6. Describe the social and political institutions of any one major state in the Northern Zone of Ghana.

7. How was trade conducted in Ghana before the arrival of the Europeans?

8. How far had the main demands of the National Congress of British West Africa been met by 1930?

9. Assess rural development in Ghana during the Second Republic.

10. Examine the regime of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) of 1979.

1998

1. Discuss how archaeology and oral traditions help in the writing of African history.

2. Explain why the Stone Age man moved from the Savannah to live in the forest zone.

3. What were the main features of the Swahili civilization between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries?

4. Describe the political organization of the Western Sudanese states.

5. Describe the indigenous method of leather production in Ghana and show its economic importance.

6. Account for the emergence of the Mole-Dagbani states.

7. Explain why the slave trade increased in volume in Ghana during the eighteenth century.

8. Assess the contribution of the Christian missionaries to the economic development of Ghana.

9. Outline the measures taken by the Convention People’s Party government to improve agriculture in Ghana.

10. Examine the factors that led to the fall of the Progress Party administration in Ghana.

1999

1. Show the importance of archaeology in the writing of African history.

2. Describe the economic activities of the Pharaonic Egyptians.

3. What were the effects of the introduction of Christianity on Axum?

4. Outline the main economic activities of the Berbers of Northern Africa.

5. Examine the main agricultural activities of the people of Ghana up to 1900.

6. Describe the traditional medical practices of the people of Ghana.

7. What factors motivated the Portuguese to explore the West Coast of Africa?

8. What were the effects of the Second World War on the people of Ghana?

9. Trace the main political events in Ghana from 1951 to 1957.

10. Outline the developments in education under the Nkrumah regime.

COMPLETE LIST OF ASANTE KINGS – PAST TO PRESENT

2000

1. Show the evidence that Africans had a history before the arrival of the Europeans.

2. How far did the Arabs influence the civilization of the Berbers of Northern Africa?

3. Outline the factors which aided the spread of the Bantu.

4. Discuss the effects of the Muslim-Christian struggle in Ethiopia between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries.

5. Describe the process and importance of pottery making in the traditional Ghanaian society.

6. Account for the failure of the Poll Tax Ordinance of 1852 in Ghana.

7. What difficulties faced the early missionaries in the spread of Christianity?

8. Outline the major physical developments that took place under the C.P.P. government in Ghana.

9. Discuss the reasons for the fall of the Busia government.

10. Assess the role of Ghana in promoting the objectives of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

2001

1. Describe how the Egyptians made use of the Nile for agricultural purposes.

2. Show how the Swahili civilization of the East African Coast arose.

3. Outline the main sources of information for writing the history of Ghana.

4. Describe the political organization of the West African Sudanese states.

5. Explain the methods used for the production of any two of the following indigenous industries in Ghana before the coming of the Europeans. a. Leather-working b. cloth-weaving c. brass-casting

6. What were the main reasons for the Portuguese exploration of the coast of Ghana in the fifteenth century?

7. Describe the type of trade that was carried on in Ghana before the coming of the Europeans.

8. Examine the social impact of colonial rule on Ghanaian society by the year 1900.

9. What were the composition and functions of the Executive and Legislative Councils of the British colonial administration in Ghana up to 1925?

10. Account for the fall of the Nkrumah regime in 1966.

2002

1. Show how archaeologists help in the writing of African history.

2. Identify the main features of the Swahili civilization of the East African Coast.

3. What were the main features of the religious system of Egypt?

4. How did Christianity affect Axum during the fourth century?

5. Describe the traditional iron-working in Ghana.

6. Examine the traditional religious beliefs and practices of Ghanaian societies.

7. What were the effects of the European presence in Ghana up to 1900?

8. Outline the main economic developments in Ghana during the colonial period.

9. Give an account of the social developments in Ghana during Dr. Nkrumah’s regime.

10. Describe the economic programme of the National Redemption Council (NRC) government.

2003

1. Give five reasons for studying History.

2. Outline the main achievements of the Nilotic Sudanese kingdoms.

3. Describe the main features of the Bantu civilizations of central, eastern, and southern Africa.

4. Describe the political organization of the West African coastal states.

5. Outline the traditions of the origin of the Akan.

6. Account for the rise of the large states in the forest zone of Ghana by the seventeenth century.

7. In what ways did the people of Ghana express their philosophical and religious ideas in the pre-colonial times?

8. Outline the main effects of the social and economic developments which took place in Ghana during the colonial period.

9. What major steps were taken to promote economic development by the Convention People’s Party government in Ghana (1957 – 1966)?

10. Why was the Limann government overthrown on December 31, 1981?

2007 May/June

1. a. Name any three gods of ancient Egypt.

b. Identify any four aspects of the religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians.

2. In what five ways did the ancient Berbers organize their economic activities?

3. a. Mention any three of the empires of West African Sudan.

b. Highlight any four factors that determined the siting of the kingdoms of the West African Sudan.

4. a. Identify two ways in which the discovery of fire helped early man in Africa.

b. State any four results of the change from hunting and gathering to food production in Africa.

5. Trace the origin of the Gonja people of the Northern Zone of Ghana.

6. a. Name any six products of pot-makers in pre-colonial Ghana.

b. Describe the processes used by indigenous pot-makers in producing their wares.

7. Describe any five indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the people of Ghana before their contact with Europeans.

8. In what five ways did the Christian Missionaries contribute to social development in Ghana in the nineteenth century?

9. Discuss the Guggisberg constitution of 1925.

10. a. Name any six major roads constructed during the colonial period.

b. Give any four reasons for the development of the transport network by the colonial government.

11. Give any five reasons for the emergence of the National Liberation Movement (NLM).

12. To what extent was the Busia government democratic? Give five reasons for your answer.

To be continued…

I’m very much aware that this list of WAEC history past questions and answers is not complete. Questions for some years are missing. Expect, therefore, to see regular updates to this post.

Did you find this information helpful? Then share it on your favourite social media platform for the benefit of others you care about. Thank you!

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Ralph Nyadzi is the Director of Studies at Cegast Academy. He is a qualified English tutor with decades of experience behind him. Since 2001, he has successfully coached thousands of High School General Arts WASSCE candidates in English, Literature and related subjects. He combines his expertise with a passion for lifelong learning to guide learners from varying backgrounds to achieve their educational goals. Ralph shares lessons from his blogging journey on BloggingtotheMax. He lives with River, his pet cat, in the Central Region of Ghana.

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