Let’s quickly have a detailed outline of the achievements of the Convention Peoples Party (CPP) in Ghana. However, we will begin with a quick look at the objectives of the CPP.
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On Sunday, 12th June 1949, at a mammoth rally at the Accra Arena attended by some 60,000 supporters, Kwame Nkrumah announced, on behalf of the Committee on Youth Organization (CYO), the formation of a new party, the Convention People’s Party.
According to Kwame Nkrumah, the main aim of the CPP was to “fight relentlessly by all constitutional means for the achievement of full self-government now for the chiefs and people of the Gold Coast”.
Leaders of the CPP
Chairman: Kwame Nkrumah.
Vice – Chairman: K.A.Gbedemah
General Secretary: Kojo Botsio.
Objectives of the Convention People’s Party
Here are the main objectives of the Convention People’s Party (CPP)
1. To fight relentlessly by all constitutional means for the achievement of full self-government now for the chiefs and people of the Gold Coast.
2. To serve as a vigorous, conscious political vanguard for removing all forms of oppression and for the establishment of a democratic government.
3. To secure and maintain the complete unity of the chiefs and people of the Colony, Ashanti, Northern Territories and Trans – Volta Togoland.
4. To work in the interest of the trade union movement in the country for better conditions of employment.
5. To work for a proper reconstruction of a better Gold Coast in which the people shall have the right to live and govern themselves as free people.
6. To assist and facilitate in any way possible a united and self-governing West Africa.
7. To work with other nationalist, democratic and socialist movements in Africa and other continents with a view to abolishing imperialism, colonialism, racism, tribalism and all forms of national and racial oppression and economic inequality among nations, races and peoples and to support all actions for world peace.
8. To support the demand for a West African Federation and for Pan-Africanism by promoting unity of action among the peoples of Africa and of African descent.
Achievements of the Convention People’s Party
The achievements of the Convention People’s Party were political, social and economic in character. Below are the major achievements of this political party in Ghana.
1. The CPP achieved independence for Ghana in 1957.
2. Secondly, it provided able and effective leadership in the struggle for self -rule by mobilizing and educating the masses on the shortcomings of the 1946 Burns Constitution and colonial rule as a whole.
3. The Convention People’s Party administration also promoted the education of Ghanaian youth. It implemented a policy of fee-free primary education under its 1951 Accelerated Development Plan. It also built two universities namely University of Cape Coast and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
4. The CPP provided free medical care to all Ghanaians.
5. It expanded and improved the country’s infrastructure. Notable among these are the construction of Tema Harbour, Accra-Tema Motorway, Akosombo Dam and Hydro – Electric Project, as well as the Adomi Bridge.
6. The party, while in government, improved access to housing for Ghanaians by constructing affordable housing units through the Ghana Housing Corporation and the Rural Housing Corporation.
7. Among the achievements of the Convention People’s Party was that it actively supported other African colonies to gain independence. Examples are Guinea, Mali and Togo.
8. Furthermore, the Convention People’s Party promoted Pan – Africanism by playing a major role in the formation of the Organization of African Unity now African Union.
9. The CPP administration in Ghana actively worked towards the attainment of world peace through its foreign policy framework of positive neutrality.
It played an active role in U.N. peacekeeping missions in Congo and elsewhere. Again, the Convention People’s Party under Kwame Nkrumah’s leadership spared no effort in the promotion of the ideals of non-alignment in the Non-Aligned Movement during the era of the Cold War.
In fact, it was while Kwame Nkrumah was out of the country on a peace mission to Hanoi, Vietnam that his government was overthrown on 24th February 1966.
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Photo by Sam Osborne from FreeImages