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Identifying noun phrases in the English sentence need not be that difficult.
I am about to show you exactly when it becomes quite easy for anybody to know that the grammatical name of a group of words is noun phrase.
You can easily score full marks here.
But before I let the cat out of the bag, let me tell you another secret. It is all about this grammatical name and function thing.
I am referring to that well known part of the WASSCE English test paper where the candidate is supposed to state the part of speech of a word or the grammatical name of a specified expression taken from a comprehension passage.
Here is the secret about the grammatical name and function of words and groups of words.
IT IS AS EASY TO SCORE FULL MARKS FOR THIS QUESTION AS IT IS TO SCORE NO MARK AT ALL.
Yes. It is very easy to score full marks. And if the candidate is able to do this, it quickly swells their score for that section of the WASSCE English paper.
Sadly, the opposite is true too. But I hate dwelling on negativity so let’s look at the positive side of things.
We want to score full marks
We want you to do well in that paper, don’t we? So, we are giving no room whatsoever to negativity. We want to score full marks.
This is why I will give you the original secret – the purpose for this tutorial. I want you to score full marks if the correct answer for the grammatical name question is supposed to be NOUN PHRASE.
In another tutorial, I tell you about how the words a, an and the at the beginning of a specified expression should alert you to the fact that the expression in question is most probably a noun phrase. I also show you a couple of things you should look out for to confirm that truly, it is a noun phrase.
I recommend that you check out this tutorial at any time convenient to you.
I urge you to click here to go through that tutorial if you haven’t yet done so. Thank you.
Grammatical Name: Noun Phrase – For Full Marks
Now let’s move on.
Let’s have the original secret about when it is easiest to know that the grammatical name of the expression you have been given is simply NOUN PHRASE.
There is a time when you will begin to suspect strongly that the grammatical name of an expression is noun phrase. That is when it begins with a word from these special groups of words I’m about to show you.
The reason why you can do so quite easily is that the words in each group are very much related. They belong to one family. For that matter, as soon as you remember just one, you can remember the others fairly easily.
Each group has its technical name in grammar. But I am going to deliberately ignore those names. Here are my reasons for this.
Reason number one: That is not the purpose of this tutorial.
Reason number two: You don’t really need to know, memorize or understand those terms in order to write a simple answer as NOUN PHRASE in your WASSCE English Language Comprehension test.
I hate to confuse my students with things that serve no purpose in a particular tutorial. So we can safely leave that for now and come back to it when it is necessary.
Agreed? OK; thank you!
Identifying the noun phrase easily
Whenever the specified expression taken from a passage or sentence begins with any member of these families of words, it is very likely that the grammatical name of the expression is NOUN PHRASE.
1. this, these, that, those
This very man
This first encounter
These very men
These first few encounters
That very man
That first encounter
Those initial encounters
2. my, your, his, her, its, our, their,
My only hope
My last money
My greatest source of satisfaction
Your only hope
Your last money
Your greatest source of satisfaction
Why don’t you complete it for me? Simply replace my or your with his, her, its, our and their.
You will then get for yourself as many noun phrases as you have been able to create.
3. few/a few, little/a little, much, many, a lot, lots, any, some, enough, no
A few cowardly men
A little sugar
Many clear opportunities
Lots of friends
A lot of mistakes
Any nice accommodation
Some dirty water
Some insignificant ideas
No educational facility
4. Colour Words
5. Number or Quantity Words
These are all noun phrases:
6. Words of order or position
7. Shape Words
Words that describe the shape of an object can help in identifying noun phrases. Examples are:
8. Size Words
Look out for words that describe size to assist you in identifying noun phrases.
Here are some examples of noun phrases that start with words relating to size.
9. Words that refer to nationality or origin
Sierra Leonean team
10. Opinion Words
These words express the opinion of the writer or speaker. They describe the way the person views something. Usually, others tend to hold a different opinion.
They may, therefore, avoid such a word for the same thing, state, quality or situation.
Such opinion words begin many noun phrases. So they can help in identifying noun phrases.
Just take a look at these examples.
11. Words that show what something is used for
Words of this nature help in identifying noun phrases.
The first words in the noun phrases below describe what the object is used for.
12. Words that show what has been used to make something
The following are all noun phrases. As you can see, each one starts with such a word.
13. Words that are formed from other words to end with -LESS
The phrases below are all noun phrases.
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14. Words that are formed from other words to end with -IVE
15. Words that are formed from other words to end with -BLE/-ABLE
16. Words that are formed from other words to end with -SOME
17. Words that are formed from other words to end with -AL
18. Words that are formed from other words to end in ry/ary/ory
This type of words makes identifying the following noun phrases relatively easy.
19. Words that are formed from other words to end in -FUL
20. Words that are formed from other words to end with -ISH
21. Words that are formed from other words to end with -OUS
Your task of identifying noun phrases becomes less difficult as you can spot a noun phrase any time it begins with an -ous word.
22. Words that are formed from other words to end with -IC
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